The term resilience is used in different contexts and scientific disciplines (especially psychology and ecosystem research) and is therefore ambiguous. In general, it refers to stability and resistance to crises. It functions mainly as a theoretical concept and so far there have been no attempts to test it empirically and especially to apply it to social systems. The article presents some important results of the research project "Resilience Monitor Austria", which aims to further develop and operationalize the concept of resilience and apply it to entire social systems. In doing so, it would like to draw attention to a concept of resilience that emphasizes above all the capacity for renewal in dealing with change and crises.